Acne vulgaris is a common chronic skin disease involving blockage and/or inflammation of hair follicles and their accompanying sebaceous gland. Acne can present as non-inflammatory lesions, inflammatory lesions, or a mixture of both, affecting mostly the face but also the back and chest.
Acne vulgaris typically affects the areas of skin with the densest population of sebaceous follicles (eg, face, upper chest, back). Local symptoms of acne vulgaris may include pain, tenderness, or erythema.
Systemic symptoms are most often absent in acne vulgaris. Severe acne with associated systemic signs and symptoms, such as fever, is referred to as acne fulminans. Severe acne, characterized by multiple comedones, without the presence of systemic symptoms, is known as acne conglobata. This severe form of acne frequently heals with disfiguring scars. Additionally, acne vulgaris may have a psychological impact on any patient, regardless of the severity or the grade of the disease.
Treatment of acne vulgaris should be directed toward the known pathogenic factors, including follicular hyperproliferation, excess sebum, P acnes, and inflammation. The most appropriate treatment is based on the grade and severity of the acne.
Acne Vulgaris can be treated through the use of prescription medications including anti-biotics, retinoid like agents etc. There are certain procedural treatments too including 1) Manual extraction of comedones, 2) Intralesional steroid injections and 3) Peels that use glycolic or salicylic acid.
Visit a Skin specialist / Dermatologist to diagnose and understand the best way to manage your Acne problem.